High on the list of inspiring Old Town attractions is the Orloj (Astronomical Clock) whose intricately-carved troupe of wooden apostles have, since their creation in the early 15th century, moved solemnly between two blue clock doors on the hour for more than 600 years.

Prague Castle holds a number of records. First of all, it is the largest castle in the world, entered in the Guinness Book of Records. It is also the most visited Czech monument among tourists. It is the most important of Czech castles, because from time immemorial it has been the residence of sovereigns, and currently the President. It is also undoubtedly the most beautiful castle in the Czech Republic. Prague Castle is unparalleled in the Czech Republic in all respects and visiting it is a ‘duty’ for all tourists.

The medieval cathedral and its surrounding Castle district, together with the Baroque streets of Malá Strana on the west bank of the river Vltava, form the centrepiece of many itineraries, but 20th-century Prague too – with its examples of Modernism (Adolf Loos’ Muller Villa is the prime exhibit), Cubism (check out the House of the Black Madonna) and Functionalism (the Veletrzni Palace) is also packed with visitor interest.

Built between 1901 and 1909, the Wilsonova Railway Station is a jewel of the Art Nouveau movement, while the Kampa Museum, with its defiantly anti-Communist paintings, sculptures and bronzes, reminds tourists of the traumatic Russian invasion in 1968.