Sudan is one of the most diverse countries in Africa, home to deserts, mountain ranges and rain forests. The first and overwhelming impression one gets of Sudan is its physical vastness and ethnic diversity, elements that have shaped its regional history from time immemorial. The country encompasses virtually every geographic feature, from the rolling deserts of the north to the lush rainforests rising on its southern borders.
Africa’s largest country, Sudan is also its most varied; the nation has more than 500 tribes, each with its own dialect, traditions and dance. The Nile is the link that runs through Sudan, influencing the lives of its people. Not only do nomads water their herds and farmers irrigate from it, but the river is also used for trading, transport, and commerce. Consequently, it was at the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile in the state of Khartoum where the nation’s capital was established.
Sudan’s greatest allure lies in its people – the numerous tribes, languages, and customs that make up the warm and colourful multicultural fabric of this vast nation. Sudan, slightly more than one quarter the size of the USA, has a population of 38 million, and is a land blessed with large quantities of water, vast tracts of arable land, and an abundance of mineral wealth.